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Rikyu Sanpo Myoukian

[Myoki-an] in Oyamazaki, which has the only surviving tea room built by Sen no Rikyu / Rikyu Sanpo

Myokian" of the Tofukuji School of Rinzai Zen Buddhism stands just outside the ticket gates of JR Yamazaki Station. The building remains almost unchanged from the Muromachi Period (1492-1501) when it was founded.
The "Waitan" at the back of the Shoin is one of the three National Treasures, along with the "Jyoan" at Yurakuen in Inuyama City, Aichi Prefecture and the "Mitan" at Daitokuji Temple in Kyoto City. It is also famous as the only existing teahouse in Japan that Sen no Rikyu was involved with.

We will guide you to the charms of Myokian, which has deep ties with Sen no Rikyu!

1.What kind of person was Sen no Rikyu?

Sen no Rikyu, known as the "tea saint," was born into a merchant family in Sakai in 1522. He inherited "wabicha" (tea ceremony) from Takeno Shaowo, and developed the unique Japanese tea ceremony to a great extent during the Momoyama period. Rikyu was active in politics as a tea master (a profession specializing in serving tea) for Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who used the tea ceremony at that time. His descendants continue as the Sanzenke, a family of tea masters, and have had a significant influence on the modern tea ceremony.

2.What is the connection between Rikyu and Myokian?

From the Warring States Period to the Azuchi-Momoyama Period, people living in turbulent times found a spiritual home in the tea house. Sen no Rikyu created a new world of beauty by combining the Zen state of selflessness and the art of powdered green tea. Myokian is a symbol of Rikyu's mastery of wabicha (tea ceremony), in which he eliminated all that was unnecessary.
People from various fields such as architecture, design, and tea ceremony are said to visit from all over Japan to take a look at the "Waitan," the only existing tea house in Japan that Sen no Rikyu was involved in.


Myokian" has a tea ceremony room "Waitan" which was set up by Rikyu.

3.A private conversation between two people in a space of two tatami mats

The first time this tea house was built was during the Warring States period, when the Battle of Tennozan took place. Toyotomi Hideyoshi lived in his Yamazaki residence for a while after the battle, and invited Rikyu to perform tea ceremony. The third generation monk of Myokian, Konshu, who was a disciple of Rikyu, assisted him during tea ceremonies. Standing in front of the Waitan, which was moved to this location in the Edo period (1603-1867), the first thing that strikes you is the space created to give you a sense of knowledge. Since Rikyu's master, Takeno Shaowo, the standard size of a tea room was four and a half tatami mats, but this room is only two tatami mats. The chief abbot, Mr. Shikou Takeda, says, "I make tea with all my heart and soul for the person in front of me. Perhaps they wanted to create such a space where guests living in a war-torn world could talk freely without worrying about their surroundings.

person who waits for someone of high rank (e.g. an exile or a refugee)

The "Waitan" tearoom was moved to Oyamazaki in the Edo period.

4.Materials available in Oyamazaki are used throughout.

Every corner of the two-tatami-mat tea room is filled with Rikyu's aesthetic sense and profound wisdom, including the oldest part of the room, which is said to be slightly larger than today's, the hanging ceiling that makes the narrow space look larger, the lattice windows made of local bamboo, and the murodoko, which was designed to eliminate the boundaries between the alcove and the walls. I also sympathized with Rikyu's words, "Bamboo from Oyamazaki, reeds from the Yodo River, and cedar, which are available in this area and suited to the local climate, are used in the tea ceremony house. When you find it hard to see the small happiness around you, visit this place.

person who waits for someone of high rank (e.g. an exile or a refugee)

A peek inside the tea ceremony room through the doorway of the "Waitan," which is said to be the oldest.

person who waits for someone of high rank (e.g. an exile or a refugee)

5.[Myokian] More Information


[Mr. Shikou Takeda is the abbot of Myokian.


  • bright idea
  • 56 Ryukou, Oyamazaki Town, Otokuni-gun, Kyoto, Japan
  • 1 minute walk from JR Yamazaki Station
    5 minutes walk from Hankyu "Oyamazaki" station
  • Tel. 075-956-0103
  • Closed on Mondays and Wednesdays
  • Entrance fee/1,000 yen (not available for high school students and younger)
  • No parking
  • https://www.eonet.ne.jp/~myoukian-no2/
  • *Apply by return postcard approximately one month prior to the desired date. For details, check the website.
    *Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.
    TEXT / Riho Tachihara
*Please note that the information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
*Since this site uses automatic translation, the translation may differ from the original Japanese content.

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